While most photographers specialize in one or two types of photography, experimenting with several photography styles can expand your skill set. The technical and creative skills required often cross various photography genres. This means that when you improve in one area, you can learn valuable lessons that make you a better photographer across other styles.
By learning and practicing the seven following different types of photography, you can build a strong foundation to pursuit your photography career.
1. Portrait Photography
Portrait photography, or portraiture, is one of the most common photography styles. Its aim is to capture the personality and mood of an individual or group. Images might be candid or posed, full-body or close-ups. Either way, the face and eyes of the subject are typically in focus. Lighting and backdrop help to convey tone and emotion. Popular types of portrait photography include senior portraits, engagement photos, professional headshots, and family portraits. The best portrait photographers can make clients feel completely comfortable, so their expressions are natural and relaxed.
Photojournalism is a way of telling the story of a newsworthy (or even historic) event or scene through photographs. Photojournalism should be objective and truthful and capturing candid moments when they are happening is more important than getting picture-perfect shots. Generally, photojournalists attend events with the hope of capturing unscripted, unplanned moments. Their work is routinely published in newspapers and magazines.
3. Fashion Photography
Fashion photography showcases fashion clothing, shoes, and accessories in order to make them more desirable to consumers. People might choose this niche over different types of photography due to the opportunity to be highly creative in making photographs eye-catching and appealing. Fashion photographers take many full-body shots and work in an array of locations, from studios and fashion shows to city streets and open fields. They utilize a lot of the same skills as portrait photographers and have to practice good teamwork and communication as working with creative directors, shoot stylists, and models.