To ensure the quality of sports photos, in addition to technology, photographers need to use specialized equipment. So, you need to specify the PnS, pocket or superzoom models can’t capture beautiful sports photos. For DSLRs, for sports shooting, you must use high-end and professional models.
Select the camera
The first important factor when choosing a machine is the continuous shooting speed per second (FPS – Frame Per Second). The higher the speed, the faster it will allow you to capture and not miss any moments of the competition.
Next is Dynamic Range and ISO range also affects image quality. You should choose a device with a high Dynamic Range and a wide ISO range for good shooting in low light conditions.
Last but not least, you should choose a professional model for sports photography because they allow fast and accurate focusing. Canon 1D X is a perfect choice with a continuous shooting speed of 14 frames per second (JPEG) or 12 frames per second (RAW). This is the latest and fastest Canon DSLR model, equipped with extremely powerful DIGIC 5+ image processing chips. ISO range from 50 – 51,200, expanding up to 204,000, for very good processing performance. Nikon D3S is also capable of continuous shooting of 9 frames/sec with ISO range of 200 – 12800 and extending up to 102,400.
Choose a lens
When taking sports photos, you will encounter two cases: indoor and outdoor. With unstable and weak indoor lighting conditions, you need to choose a lens with a large aperture. When shooting outdoor competitions in the evening, you must also equip similar lenses.
The most suitable lenses usually have an aperture of f / 2.8 and a large focal range (200mm or more). Canon EF 70-200mm f / 2.8 L II IS USM is a lens suitable for indoor sports shooting. Canon EF 300mm f / 2.8 with a large focal range suitable for outdoor sports shooting. Reporters also use wide-angle lenses to capture moments near the goal in football matches.
The most important thing for sports photography and action is speed. Let’s explore the camera settings guide for sports photography, which helps you capture sharp, detailed and full of interesting photos.
Use a fast shutter speed
Shutter speed is the most important factor for taking action shots. If the shutter speed is not set up quickly, you will only be able to capture blurry, disappointing photos with no way of editing. First, set the Shutter Priority mode and select shutter speed of 1/500 sec. This setting is a good starting point and fast enough for sports and action photography. If the image is blurry, adjust the shutter speed even further. It can be up to 1/100 seconds for speed sports like motor racing.
To achieve the required high shutter speed, you will have to open the aperture very wide. If you have a very fast lens, you will be able to reduce the maximum aperture to 1 stop or more. Wide aperture helps capture enough light and blur the background. However, if you are using a normal lens with a maximum aperture less than f / 5.6, you will need to open the lens as wide as possible to get the most amount of light. This is especially true when you take photos indoors because the amount of light may not be much. Another benefit of using a wide aperture is that it helps to create a shallow depth of field for the image. The details can be distracting in the background, which in turn directs attention to the player to create a more dramatic and dramatic picture.
Increase ISO index
Since you are using fast shutter speed, your camera may be very difficult to expose the scene accurately, even with a full aperture. Then, the only thing you can do is increase the ISO speed.
Adjust to continuous shooting mode
Action and sports have a lot of moves and very fast to catch up. Using continuous shooting mode gives you more opportunities to capture a beautiful picture.
Focusing on fast moving objects will be very troublesome, so it is important to set up the camera so that it responds as quickly and accurately as possible. Adjust focus mode to maintain perfect clarity even for fast-moving subjects.