Sports Photography: The Contrast Between Static and Dynamic

Sports photography is not as easy as many people think. For 1: 1 fighting sports, such as fencing, you often want your photos to portray the excitement of the match. In this article, let’s look at how we can do this effectively by using panning techniques to show athletes’ stillness and movement in a single image.

In fencing, it only takes a fraction of a second to determine who wins or loses. Photographers must all want to depict the second in which one athlete is moving and the other is standing still in a single image. When both subjects are moving, to capture both stillness and movement at the same time, your shutter speed should not be too high but not too low.

You need to avoid having both objects become blurred, but I also can’t let both objects “freeze”. Although this may vary depending on the speed of movement of the subject, you may want to change the shutter speed based on their movement speed.

In this case, try to create motion blur from the moving swordsman using a shutter speed of 1/10 second, while swordsmen with smaller movements can be captured clearly at a speed. shutter about 1/2 second.

Another trick is to use the panning technique when shooting. When panning, focus on the standing athlete, instead of tracking the athlete with more movement. Because the standing athlete may still move a bit, the panning must predict and track the athlete’s small movements. In doing so, the athlete who has more movement in the opposite direction of your panning movement will produce a more blurry effect while you focus will still be the athlete standing still.

It is actually possible to find a certain charm in speed and movement in that single swordfight moment. However, there was another way to capture the moment in which the two swordsmen were rivals. It is freezing the entire action with a high shutter speed. Shoot at 1 / 2,000 second. Focus first on one of the swordsmen, then release the shutter when ready.

Sports Photography: Best Moments of Olympics

Whether it’s photos taken by a professional photographer or a lucky person, a few seconds difference can make the difference between an iconic photo and a normal photo.

A picture of a full moon rising through Olympic rings hanging under Tower Bridge during the 2012 London Olympics. The moon created a sixth circle in the Olympic logo that spread during the 2012 Olympic Games in London. This photo attracted thousands of comments on social networking sites. Many also joked about the strict policies of the International Olympic Committee on the protection of the Olympic logo.

This picture shows Usain Bolt smiling as he is racing to win the men’s 100-meter Semi-Final at the Rio 2016 Olympics. Photographer Kai Pfaffenbach explains how he got the horrible photo. surprised that Usain Bolt was about to prepare for the 100m semi-final, he decided to play with a slow shutter speed for that race. He set the shutter speed down to 50 seconds and was waiting for the moment when he passed the position I stood. The moment he looked to the left with a proud smile and my first thought was to hope for this moment.

At all the final rhythmic gymnastics of the London Olympics, Marcelo Del Pozo has captured this surreal moment. Del Pozo said a major event like the Olympics made photography more difficult. At an event with lots of good photographers shooting from all angles means you need a little luck to get something different.

Photographer Yannis Behrakis focused on combining the right angle, time and background for this photo. He enjoyed seeing the contestants’ faces while diving. This task turned out to be a very difficult task because he had to focus his long lens on the character. He was blessed with one of the top athletes of the event – Hu Jia who won the silver medal.

Which Camera Should You Choose for Sports Photography?

To ensure the quality of sports photos, in addition to technology, photographers need to use specialized equipment. So, you need to specify the PnS, pocket or superzoom models can’t capture beautiful sports photos. For DSLRs, for sports shooting, you must use high-end and professional models.

Select the camera

The first important factor when choosing a machine is the continuous shooting speed per second (FPS – Frame Per Second). The higher the speed, the faster it will allow you to capture and not miss any moments of the competition.

Next is Dynamic Range and ISO range also affects image quality. You should choose a device with a high Dynamic Range and a wide ISO range for good shooting in low light conditions.

Last but not least, you should choose a professional model for sports photography because they allow fast and accurate focusing. Canon 1D X is a perfect choice with a continuous shooting speed of 14 frames per second (JPEG) or 12 frames per second (RAW). This is the latest and fastest Canon DSLR model, equipped with extremely powerful DIGIC 5+ image processing chips. ISO range from 50 – 51,200, expanding up to 204,000, for very good processing performance. Nikon D3S is also capable of continuous shooting of 9 frames/sec with ISO range of 200 – 12800 and extending up to 102,400.

Choose a lens

When taking sports photos, you will encounter two cases: indoor and outdoor. With unstable and weak indoor lighting conditions, you need to choose a lens with a large aperture. When shooting outdoor competitions in the evening, you must also equip similar lenses.

The most suitable lenses usually have an aperture of f / 2.8 and a large focal range (200mm or more). Canon EF 70-200mm f / 2.8 L II IS USM is a lens suitable for indoor sports shooting. Canon EF 300mm f / 2.8 with a large focal range suitable for outdoor sports shooting. Reporters also use wide-angle lenses to capture moments near the goal in football matches.

Camera Setting for Sports Photography

The most important thing for sports photography and action is speed. Let’s explore the camera settings guide for sports photography, which helps you capture sharp, detailed and full of interesting photos.

Use a fast shutter speed

Shutter speed is the most important factor for taking action shots. If the shutter speed is not set up quickly, you will only be able to capture blurry, disappointing photos with no way of editing. First, set the Shutter Priority mode and select shutter speed of 1/500 sec. This setting is a good starting point and fast enough for sports and action photography. If the image is blurry, adjust the shutter speed even further. It can be up to 1/100 seconds for speed sports like motor racing.

Open aperture

To achieve the required high shutter speed, you will have to open the aperture very wide. If you have a very fast lens, you will be able to reduce the maximum aperture to 1 stop or more. Wide aperture helps capture enough light and blur the background. However, if you are using a normal lens with a maximum aperture less than f / 5.6, you will need to open the lens as wide as possible to get the most amount of light. This is especially true when you take photos indoors because the amount of light may not be much. Another benefit of using a wide aperture is that it helps to create a shallow depth of field for the image. The details can be distracting in the background, which in turn directs attention to the player to create a more dramatic and dramatic picture.

Increase ISO index

Since you are using fast shutter speed, your camera may be very difficult to expose the scene accurately, even with a full aperture. Then, the only thing you can do is increase the ISO speed.

Adjust to continuous shooting mode

Action and sports have a lot of moves and very fast to catch up. Using continuous shooting mode gives you more opportunities to capture a beautiful picture.

Focus

Focusing on fast moving objects will be very troublesome, so it is important to set up the camera so that it responds as quickly and accurately as possible. Adjust focus mode to maintain perfect clarity even for fast-moving subjects.