Don’t Use the Pop-Up Flash
Don’t use the pop-up flash since the light that is emitted from the pop-up flash on your camera is intense, harsh, bright, and unnatural.
If you are in a situation with dim lighting, choose another avenue of getting a well-exposed photo. The easiest thing to do may be to increase the ISO because ISO can control the sensitivity of the sensor of your camera to light. Therefore, the higher the ISO is, the more sensitive the camera’s sensor will be.
If you are taking photos at ISO 400 and they are too dark, increase to ISO 800, 1600, 3200, and so on. You will hear an increase in digital noise when you increase the ISO, but a little noise is just a small price to pay for a better exposure.
Another choice is to open the aperture so that the camera’s lens can get more of light. The aperture is the set of blades inside the camera’s lens and its size is measured in f-stops. The f-stop scale features very large apertures such as f/1.4 to a very small apertures such as f/22.
If you are shooting in low light, open up the aperture in order to brighten up the photo.
Of the three exposure settings, including shutter speed, aperture, and ISO, perhaps shutter speed offers the most possibilities regarding creative images. The reason is that you can blur movement with a slow shutter speed or freeze movement with a fast shutter speed.
As slowing the shutter speed, you have all types of options to create a sense of movement in the shot. You can blur the movement of a person when they are walking, running, or dancing, create photos with light trails from passing vehicles, or even shoot photos of the night sky with exaggerated star trails.
All you need is a slow shutter speed, a moving subject, and your camera mounted to a tripod!